Gum disease is inflammation of tissues surrounding the teeth. It can range from simple inflammation to severe damage to the bone that supports the teeth.
GUM DISEASES can have 2 forms:
Gingivitis is mild form of gum disease in which there is only swelling and redness in gum. But if gingivitis is not treated in time it can lead to severe bone loss and pocket formation and convert into a disease called periodontitis.
HOW IT OCCURS?
A bio-film is formed on teeth which is called dental plaque. It can be removed by brushing and flossing. This is a reversible condition. However, if it accumulates on the tooth surface for long period of time a harder deposit is formed which is called tartar or calculus. It cannot be removed by simple brushing. The bacteria in the bio-film release waste products that cause inflammation in the gum leading to severe bone loss, mobility and loss of teeth subsequently. It should be treated as soon as possible and if left untreated the bacteria in mouth can enter blood stream and spread to other parts of body causing heart and kidney diseases.
WHAT CAUSES GUM DISEASES?
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
If you are facing any of these problems you need to contact dentist. It needs to be treated as soon as possible. With time condition worsens leading to severe complications both on general and dental health.
Treatment depends upon the stage of the disease, and categorized as:
Recommendation of certain antibiotic is also done to eliminate bacterial infection.
Laser treatment is one of the newest modality of treatment of gum disease.
WHAT ARE THE POST TREATMENT PRECAUTIONS?
There is no any serious precaution to be carried out after treatment.All you need is to maintain good oral hygiene.
You must visit dentist for cleaning of teeth twice a year in order to avoid all form of gum disease and other related serious complications on health.